What Is a Recourse Loan?

Recourse loans are a type of secured debt that enables lenders to recover unpaid loan sums by taking the borrower’s other assets as well as the loan collateral, as needed. Auto loans, credit card debt, and, in the majority of states, mortgage debt, are common examples of recourse debt.

The best money lender in toa payoh also offer personal loans, online cash advances, payday loans, pawn shop loans, and banks or credit unions if you need a loan right immediately. Lenders have the right to seize and sell collateral in the event of a default. In the event that the collateral is insufficient to pay the whole amount of the loan, the lender may pursue the borrower’s other assets. Recourse loans are more accessible and typically have lower interest rates because they are less risky for lenders.

A borrower’s collateral may also be used to secure non-recourse debt. The lender, however, is only permitted to seize the collateral listed in the loan documentation in the event of failure and is not permitted to pursue the borrower’s other assets. Home mortgages are treated as non-recourse loans in the 12 non-recourse states, despite the fact that few banks issue these types of loans. Because non-recourse debt is riskier for lenders, it also carries higher interest rates and stricter borrower requirements than recourse.

A Recourse Loan:

Recourse loans subject the borrower to full personal liability for the loan balance. Therefore, as stated in the loan agreement, the lender may first reclaim or foreclose on the loan collateral. The lender may get a deficiency judgment from the courts and pursue the borrower’s other assets if it is unable to recover the whole loan total from the sale of the collateral. This is true even for assets that weren’t designated as the loan’s underlying collateral, and it includes the ability to garnish paychecks or seize bank accounts in order to settle the outstanding debt.

Recourse loans often come in the forms of credit cards, vehicle loans, and hard money loans, which are short-term real estate loans provided by non-bank lenders. In the event of default, the lender has the right to seize the car or other collateral and sell them to recuperate the unpaid loan amount.

Recourse Loan Example:

The car will serve as collateral if a borrower takes out a $20,000 auto loan to pay for a $25,000 car. With $16,000 left on the loan after many payments, the lender has the right to seize the car and sell it in order to reclaim the unpaid loan sum. The lender can potentially obtain a deficiency judgment from a court and then garnish the borrower’s income in order to recover the remaining $4,000 if the car has depreciated and can only be sold for $12,000 instead of the whole $2,000.


Even if a lender succeeds in getting a judgement against a borrower, it may still be costly and time-consuming to collect the unpaid debt. A lender may never actually collect on an outstanding loan if it believes the borrower lacks significant assets to draw from. But if you fear you might default, you should always try to prevent it by getting in touch with your lender.